Mushroom farming is one of the most profitable agri-business that you can start with a low investment and less space. Mushroom cultivation in Ghana is growing gradually as an alternative source of income for many people.
In this article I am going to give you how to start Mushroom cultivation in Ghana in a step by step approach.
Preparation of the substrate
The mushrooms grew from a boom tissue called a “substrate”. To create the substrate, cassava or yam peels are dried, after which they are ground. Water, lime, and rice bran are added and the substrate is mixed and piled up to form a pile on the ground. It is then left to ferment for 28 days. Compost wants to be grown to become every four days for proper aeration and uniform composting.
Bag the substrate
Water is added (evenly distributed) to the nutrient-rich substrate at the desired saturation of 65-70%, thereby imparting the entirety that the fungus mycelium will want to develop. The substrate is then placed into an oversized polypropylene bag, compressed, and tied with a rubber band on top. Cotton is placed over the cavity to retain moisture. The cavity will act as an access factor for the introduction of the mushroom spawn.
The luggage sets on a rack in an oil drum with water at the bottom of the rack. The drum is then heated over the fire. Once the steam begins to be emitted from the tank, a mileage is programmed for 2 five to three hours. The bags are then left to cool, after which they are taken to the shaded inoculation room.
Inoculate the luggage
The substrate is then adapted to take over the mushroom eggs. These are poured into the neck of the substrate bag and the cotton is changed over. The bags are then sent to the incubation chamber and remain there until complete colonization of the substrate. The temperature inside the room must be 28-30 ° C max.
Cultivate the mushroom
After four to five weeks inside the incubation chamber, the substrate pouch turns whitish and is ready to open. Upon contact with the air, the mycelium fungus begins to develop fungi. It will take 24-36 hours for the mushrooms to reach maturity while you can then harvest them.
Once the mushrooms are ripened, they are therefore indifferent to the substrate and are suitable for consumption, drying, or sale.
Thanks to the Gratitude project, mushrooms are grown from cassava husk substrate had excessive dietary value. They are rich in proteins, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins, and occasionally in fat.