Poultry Farming In Nigeria – How To Start A Lucrative Poultry Farming Business In Nigeria

There is no denying that poultry farming in Nigeria is a profitable business, whether it is done on a small scale or on a large scale.

This is the greatest guide to starting poultry farming in Nigeria right now.

Poultry farmers are currently unable to meet the daily demand for poultry products; as a result, this industry offers the most profitable chances for profit in the animal farming industry.

About Nigerian Poultry Farming

Poultry farming is a common agricultural technique in Nigeria. It is typically done on a small or medium scale, with a focus on domestic consumption.

Business poultry farming is highly profitable and recommended in Nigeria because it is primarily used for commercial purposes. Yes, if you’re thinking about beginning a chicken farm, you should start with a commercial quantity because that’s where the profits are.

Broilers, layers, cockerels, noilers, and other breeds are among the most popular in Nigeria.

Broilers are primarily raised for meat production.

2. Layers: Layers are raised solely for the purpose of producing eggs.

3. Cockerels: Cockerels are a type of poultry bird used for meat production.

4. Noilers: Noilers are chicken hybrids raised for both egg and meat production.

All of these chicken breeds are suitable for commercial use.

In this post, we’ll look at chicken farming in Nigeria with the following goals in mind:

Poultry Farming in Nigeria: Risks and Issues

Nigerian Poultry Farming Profitability
In Nigeria, the importance of poultry farming cannot be overstated.

Nigerian Poultry Farming Business Plan

What Is The Best Way To Start Poultry Farming In Nigeria?

There will always be risk, troubles, and hurdles in this industry, just like in any other. Here are some of Nigeria’s key poultry farming risks and issues:

1. Feeding Price
Feed is one of the key issues in Nigerian poultry farming, as poultry feed is extremely expensive and the poultry birds consume a lot of it. The issues of poultry production in Nigeria are due to rapid increases in feed prices on the market. Not only in the feed, but also in the prices of the ingredients required to make it.

Corn and soybean meal prices have risen dramatically in recent years, putting pressure on animal production costs.

2. Capital: Poultry farming is negatively impacted by issues related to startup capital. Another issue that newcomers to chicken farming confront is this.

Poultry farming, like any other profitable business, requires sufficient initial capital. This is due to the fact that the scale you invest in will define the level of profits you make in this industry. If there is sufficient capital, facilities will be expanded, resulting in an increase in production.


However, you can struggle as a chicken farmer, especially if you don’t have enough money to get started. In truth, poultry farming is a capital-intensive business, requiring sufficient funds for land, construction, equipment, food, treatment, and other expenses. And you’ll have a hard time keeping your business on track if you don’t have enough money. Nothing destroys a company more quickly than a lack of funds.

3. Disease Outbreaks
Acute infection is the most feared risk in poultry production, as it can cause all of the poultry birds to die suddenly. Infection and illness outbreaks frequently occur when the environment is not properly cared for.

Because poultry birds are extremely sensitive to environmental changes, even the tiniest error in poultry farming can result in the death of all of the birds.

4. A lack of government assistance
Poultry producers in Nigeria are disappointed with the government’s lack of support for the industry.

When it comes to the state of affairs, the government displays little or no interest in poultry raising. Existing and aspiring farmers are frequently discouraged by this. Even some government loans for agricultural support have tight criteria and requirements attached to them, making it extremely difficult to obtain the credit.

These are Nigeria’s four primary poultry farming risks and issues. Existing or aspiring farmers, on the other hand, should keep the following in mind:


1. If you want to start a poultry farm in Nigeria, you must be willing to go it alone and not rely on government assistance or loans.


2. Before you begin, make sure your capital is completely ready.

3. In order to understand the basics and know the managerial practices in poultry farming, good training and proper knowledge of poultry farming should be the number one factor to consider. So, before you go into poultry farming, be sure you know what you’re doing.

4. The poultry farming environment should be disinfected and kept clean. Also, stay away from contaminated tools and equipment. Allow no visitors into your poultry environment, and wash your hands thoroughly before handling any poultry birds.

5. Appropriate medication should be used.

Nigerian Poultry Farming Profitability
Poultry farming is one of Nigeria’s most profitable animal enterprises. Do you want to start a chicken farm but aren’t sure how profitable it would be? Then continue reading to see why chicken farming is considered a profitable investment.

1. Sufficient Market Demand
There is a significant demand for poultry meat and eggs on the market. One of the reasons why poultry farming in Nigeria is so profitable is the increased demand for poultry products (meat and eggs). Hotels, restaurants, and other businesses frequently request eggs and meat.

Grocery stores are also looking for egg supplies to distribute and sell to customers.

2. Exceptionally high return on investment
The hens grow quickly and are ready for market in a short time, giving poultry farming the reputation of having the fastest return on investment.

3. All poultry products have a ready market.
4. Reproducibility
The main focus is on the layers, who lay eggs virtually every day and hatch in fewer than 25 days on average. Depending on the breed, 1000 healthy layers can produce more than 20,000 chicks in a few months.

5. Reasonably priced
The hens and eggs retail at a very inexpensive price. The vast demands in the market shows that poultry products are fairly affordable unlike other livestock items.

These are few of the analysis which shows the profitability of chicken farming in Nigeria.

Importance Of Poultry Farming In Nigeria

1. Poultry farming is very important because it creates opportunities for individuals and entrepreneurs.

2. Commercial poultry farming contributes to the creation of job/employment opportunities for unemployed people.

3. It’s a profitable venture with a high return on investment.


4. Nutritional value is provided by poultry eggs.

5. Poultry farming in Nigeria contributes to major agricultural practices, which helps to boost the country’s economy.

Nigerian Poultry Farming Business Plan
Poultry farming is a lucrative company that necessitates a well-thought-out business plan. One of the advantages of beginning a chicken farm with a business plan is that it allows you to understand all of the strategies necessary for success. Furthermore, it may be the most important aspect in obtaining approval for a government agricultural loan offer.

When drafting a poultry farming business plan, make sure to conduct a case study in order to come up with the best strategy. Market study, SWOT analysis, your vision, objectives, services to be supplied, and duties to be taken are all included in a strong business plan.
It also includes information such as your poultry farm’s name, budgeting and financial analysis, and so on. A poultry farming business plan might assist you in developing a better business in the future.


If you don’t know how to write a sound business plan, you should hire an expert that specializes in this field to write one for you.

What Is The Best Way To Start Poultry Farming In Nigeria?

Here’s a step-by-step guide to starting a chicken farming business in Nigeria:

1. Excellent Farm Location
When it comes to picking a place for your poultry farm, there are some recommendations to follow. Nobody wants to be bothered by foul odors in their environment. One significant approach to avoid this problem is to locate your farm away from residential areas.

Above all, you’ll need a location with a robust road network. The procurement process begins with having decent, easily accessible roadways. If the route to your farm becomes really terrible at some point, your clients may become disappointed.

Also, when choosing a site, make sure to plan ahead of time. Make sure that the place is suitable for housing, equipment, and poultry birds.

2. Investing
The amount of money required to start a viable poultry farming operation should be given careful attention. Using your own money to start a poultry business is a great idea because it provides you complete control over your operation.

Although commercial poultry farming in Nigeria requires a lot of capital, you should strive to use any available approach to successfully collect funds for your poultry farm.

3. Breed Selection
Broilers, layers, and cockerels are the three most significant breeds for commercial use in Nigeria. Broilers are raised specifically for meat production. Layers are mostly used to produce eggs. Cockerel, on the other hand, is specifically bred for meat production.

After you’ve decided on the style of poultry farming you want to do, you should choose foundation stock from the breeds you think are the best. If you don’t buy or pick healthy breeds, your production may stop or your output will suffer, and you’ll be on your way to failure.

To avoid failure, however, you should select a higher-quality breed. As a result, you must be cautious while selecting a breed. The breeds chosen must be healthy and show signs of strong growth.

4. Tools and equipment
In poultry farming, various types of equipment are employed. In addition, all relevant equipment must be identified and made available. Feeders, drinkers, incubators, warmers, coops and cages, egg tray, laying nests, brooders, and other items are among the equipment.

5. Nutritional Supplements
The dietary needs of poultry birds should be met in all ways possible. Their food should be rationed correctly. Keep in mind that imbalanced and insufficient meals will impact the poultry birds’ reproductive capacity and growth. This is why you should be aware of their dietary preferences and be prepared to satisfy them.

6. Effective management
Poultry birds must be strong and healthy in order to perform well.

Follow the protocols to ensure that diseases are controlled and prevented. This should include maintaining a clean environment and preventing overcrowding.

Make sure the housing is well ventilated, and don’t let strangers or visitors into the chicken house. Finally, make sure your poultry birds are properly vaccinated.

7. An effective marketing strategy
Without a question, any company must market its services and products effectively and efficiently. This is only possible if you have a solid marketing strategy in place. Many poultry farmers have difficulty selling their products rapidly, not because there is a lack of demand, but because they have little or no marketing strategy in place.

If you don’t pay attention to the sales and marketing aspects of your poultry business, your profits will suffer. As a result, it would be beneficial to focus more on promoting your poultry business. One effective strategy to raise awareness of your services is to advertise them.


Another marketing method is to write a proposal to restaurants, motels, and grocery stores, giving you the option to supply them with an irresistible amazing deal.

These are the most comprehensive instructions for beginning a chicken farm in Nigeria.

Poultry Production Management System
The breeds will determine which management system you use. The three management systems utilized in chicken production are as follows:

1. The complex system (Free range)
2. The system that is semi-extensive
3. The system of intensive work

The Extensive System is the first step in the process.
The extensive system, also known as the “free range system,” allows poultry birds to walk about freely and feed themselves in a natural environment. The cheapest approach to raise chickens is to let them roam freely.

The Semi Extensive System is the second option.
The intensive and extensive systems are combined in this system.

The birds can move freely within a limited region thanks to the semi-extensive system. The poultry area is usually surrounded by a fence that allows them to walk freely but within a certain range. Within the semi-extensive system, there is also a small house for the birds.

The Intensive System is the third option.
The system necessitates a poultry house where the birds are always kept indoors. In their poultry home, they have access to all of their food and water. The intensive system is the most efficient and cost-effective way to raise chickens.

The intensive system is made up of two basic systems that are now employed in chicken farming: deep litter and battery cage systems.

i. The deep litter system: This system is best suited to the production of poultry meat. This method can also make use of layers. The birds are housed in a well-ventilated and aerated structure with bedding made of groundnut shells, wood shavings, sawdust, and other materials covering the floor.

Inside the deep litter house, there are water troughs and food stations.

ii. The battery cage system consists of the following components: l This technique is ideally suited for the production of poultry eggs (it is generally best for layers poultry farming). The battery cage is made up of wire and many cages, most likely stacked one on top of the other.

The cage restricts movement. The eggs are also easy to collect because the cage’s floor slopes down gradually. Troughs for feed and water are included in the cages.

Nigerian Poultry Farming Costs

In Nigeria, how much does it cost to start a poultry farm? This is one of the most frequently asked questions by people who are interested in the poultry industry.

Though it is difficult to make an exact estimate of the money required to start a chicken business, it can be determined based on the type of farming. Small-scale poultry farming, for example, involves 1 to 1000 birds, medium-scale poultry farming needs 1000 to 10,000 birds, and commercial or large-scale poultry farming requires 10,000 or more birds.

As a result, you can calculate the initial capital based on the number of birds and the facilities available to handle them.

In Nigeria, however, beginning a small size poultry farm will cost between N100,000 and N500,000, with commercial poultry farming costing up to N15 million. This is a preliminary estimate of how much it will cost to establish a chicken business.

In conclusion, poultry farming in Nigeria is a profitable business. You must maintain correct management of the poultry birds in order to achieve high productivity. The results will be fantastic if the potentials are fully realized through solid management methods.

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