This guide is going to focus on How to Start a Poultry Farming Business in Ghana.
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Poultry farming is one of Ghana’s most well-known and profitable commercial ventures. Agriculture is the backbone of Ghana’s economy, and poultry farming accounts for a major portion of the country’s GDP.
Agriculture accounts for 19.7% of Ghana’s GDP and over 40% of export revenues, according to government statistics. Poultry farming in Ghana has the potential to contribute significantly to the country’s total national income while also meeting the country’s annual nutritional needs.
Despite Ghana’s numerous poultry farms, demand for poultry products is on the rise. Poultry farming is a profitable enterprise. In the country, poultry products such as chicken and eggs are in high demand.
More importantly, poultry products are classified as white meat, which is thought to be healthier for human consumption.
Having said that, I will share with you a beginner’s guidance on how to start a profitable chicken farming business in Ghana in this article.
Poultry farming is a type of farming that involves raising chickens.
Poultry farming is the process of producing domestic birds for their eggs or meat, such as chickens, turkeys, ducks, and geese. This has been a standard practice in Ghana for so long that it has become an integral element of the farming and agricultural system.
Poultry farming could be one of Ghana’s most profitable agricultural business ventures today. It doesn’t cost a lot of money to get started because you can do it from the comfort of your own home if you have the space to accommodate the number of birds you want.
Poultry Farming In Ghana
As previously said, poultry farming in Ghana is quite profitable, with a growing demand all around the country. Poultry farming is one of Ghana’s fastest-growing sectors of the agricultural sector.
The poultry industry in Ghana is separated into two categories: small scale and commercial size. Poultry farming on a small scale refers to operations with fewer than 2,000 birds.
Commercial poultry production in Ghana, on the other hand, is divided into three categories: large-scale (above 10,000 birds), medium-scale (5,000–10,000 birds), and small-scale (fewer than 10,000 birds) (less than 5,000 birds).
According to the Ghana Poultry Project (GPP), Ghana currently has 29 large-scale commercial poultry farms, the majority of which are located in the Ashanti (13), Brong Ahafo (12), and Greater Accra regions (4). They account for around 20% of the whole poultry sector, and they mostly produce eggs.
How to Start a Poultry Farming Business in Ghana
If you’re thinking about opening a poultry farm in Ghana, you should study everything you can about the industry first. You must take each step carefully, from putting up some basic equipment to growing the birds and marketing your business.
Duck farming, chicken farming, quail farming, turkey farming, broiler farming, and other types of poultry farming exist. The essential principles and procedures, however, are the same.
The following is a step-by-step approach to starting a lucrative chicken farming business in Ghana.
- Step 1: Select a Poultry Breed
Before you start your poultry farm, you need have a good idea of what kind of chicken breed you want to raise. In Ghana, there are three breeds that are appropriate for commercial chicken raising.
Modern poultry breeds are extremely productive, and commercial poultry production is extremely profitable. Broilers grow quicker than ever before, and modern layers produce more eggs than previous varieties. It is up to you to choose the right breeds for commercial production.
Broilers are a meat-producing breed with a quick growth rate. They grow slaughter weight in a short period of time by ingesting a specific amount of food. They only take 6 weeks to grow from a hatch weight of 40 g to a weight of 1.5 to 2 kg.
Layers: Layer poultry breeds are employed to produce commercial eggs before being slaughtered for meat. They begin laying eggs at 18-19 weeks of age and continue until 72-78 weeks of age.
Cockerels: Like broilers, cockerels are used for meat production and have a distinct market need, although their growth is more slower, as opposed to broilers’ rapid growth. Cockerels can survive in a variety of conditions.
- Step 2: Select an Appropriate Farm Site
The location of our poultry farm is critical to your company’s success. Obtaining a farm location is an important step in launching a chicken business. The amount of your acreage should be determined by your poultry farming scale.
If you want to start small-scale chicken farming, you can use your backyard or rent a temporary location. However, if you want to start a large-scale chicken operation, you’ll need more land.
The ideal location for chicken farming is one that is clean and pollution-free. You should also provide your birds with a reliable source of drinking water. Furthermore, the location must be devoid of predators. To facilitate the delivery of farm products when they are ready for sale, the site must be easily accessible from major roadways.
- Step 3: Select an Effective Housing System
In Ghana, a good housing system is critical for commercial chicken production. The housing system you select is determined by the breeds of chicken and the technique of production. Various types of chicken raising systems have different housing designs.
The habitat that will be constructed should be large enough to allow the birds to walk around freely and run. To reduce the risk of flooding, shelters must be raised sufficiently. It should be large enough for the birds to move around freely and run. In addition, the shelter must be properly ventilated and sun-protected.
- – Step 4 – Give Your Birds Something to Eat
For poultry production, a solid and high-quality feed is critical. Quality and well-kept food keep the bird healthy and productive at all times. Because tainted feed might infect birds, it must always be kept clean and dry. The key to success in the poultry farming company is fresh, healthy food. Your birds will not go thirsty. Their growth may be hampered by a lack of proper water supply.
- Step 5: Vaccination
Poultry birds are extremely sensitive, and they require special medication and vaccine to avoid disease. They are generally afflicted with a variety of viral, bacterial, fungal, nutritional, and parasitic disorders.
As a commercial poultry farmer, you’ll need a veterinary doctor on call to check on your birds when the situation arises. There are a variety of routine treatments and immunizations that can help your birds stay healthy.
- Step 6: Promote Your Farm’s Produce
The most fascinating aspect of chicken farming in Ghana is that it already has a market. However, you must pay attention to the marketing and sales of your farm produce in order to optimize your profit.
Your goods can be sold in both small towns and large cities. However, the following suggestions can assist you in marketing and selling your chicken: going online, selling to hotels and restaurants, advertising your items, hiring marketers, home delivery, and so on.
- Step 7: Create an Account for Your Farm
This is mostly true in the commercial poultry industry. After you’ve set up your poultry farm, you’ll need to register it with the appropriate government agency.
One of the benefits of registering your farm is that it allows you to obtain government support in the form of a loan or grants. Agricultural intervention programs may potentially be of assistance to you.
How Much Does It Cost To Start A Poultry Farming Business In Ghana?
Many enterprises necessitate a considerable amount of capital, which can deter investors. In addition, a normal new business takes a long time to generate a profit. A small-scale poultry business, on the other hand, has a minimal start-up cost and quick returns.
The cost of beginning a poultry farm varies depending on how many birds a farmer plans to raise. For instance, the first cycle for 500 broiler chickens will cost an average of 10,000 GHS, with following cycles predicted to cost less. It costs roughly 55,000 GHS for layers.
Poultry farming is a profitable and profitable enterprise in Ghana. Because it is a well-established company, it has all of the necessary amenities. To start poultry farming in Ghana, you only need a small amount of money and some practical experience.